Plutonium uptake by plants grown in solution culture by James C McFarlane

Cover of: Plutonium uptake by plants grown in solution culture | James C McFarlane

Published by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, [Office of Monitoring and Technical Support], Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Las Vegas, Nev, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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  • Plutonium,
  • Plants -- Effect of radioactive pollution on

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby James C. McFarlane, Allan R. Batterman, and Kenneth W. Brown, Monitoring Systems Research and Development Division, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory
SeriesResearch reporting series
ContributionsBatterman, Allan R., joint author, Brown, Kenneth Warren, 1939- , joint author, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory (Las Vegas, Nev.). Monitoring Systems Research and Development Division
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 14 p. :
Number of Pages14
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13602680M

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Radioactivity due to plutoniumcontaminated plant debris in the culture solution was estimated by counting replicate solution samples before and after filtration through,and micrometer (yra) filters. Plutonium uptake by plants grown in solution culture.

Las Vegas, Nev.: U.S. Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory ; Springfield, Va.: Available through the National Technical Information Service, Plutonium uptake by plants grown in solution culture / By James C.

McFarlane, Kenneth Warren Brown, Allan R. Batterman and Nev.) Environmental Monitoring and. Plutonium uptake from Pu-citrate and Pu-nitrate in the plants is shown in Fig. Plutonium concentration of the plant tissue was increased with increasing Pu in solution.

Plutonium concentrations of the shoots were not clearly different in Indian mustard when Pu was present as Pu-nitrate or by: Plutonium uptake by marine phytoplankton in culture’ Nicholas S.

Fisher,” Brenda L. Olson, and Vaughan T. Bowen Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts Abstruct At environmentally realistic atom conscentrations ns7Pu tracer was used to examine PuCited by: AND PLUTONIUM IN PLANT SYSTEMS L.

Hossner R. Loeppert R. Newton Texas A&M University Plutonium Uptake by Plants () for plants growing on serpentine sites that are capable of concentrating nickel (Ni) to more than pg g-' (   Nutrient solutions are critical parts of plant nutrition research.

Hydroponics is the science of growing plants in liquid media, rather than in pots of soil. For a hydroponic solution to sustain plant growth, it must provide the required nutrients at appropriate concentrations, and in the correct forms that are available to the plant.

Hydroponics is the process of growing plants in water or nutrient solutions (Pandey et al., ;Sardare and Admane, ) in a liquid nutrient solution with or without the use of artificial media. The Effect of Silicon on Yield and Manganese Uptake and Distribution in the Leaves of Barley Plants Grown in Culture Solutions.

Emerton Williams, James Vlamis Plant Physiology Sep32 (5) ; DOI: /pp Plants exposed to high salinity ( m m NaCl) in hydroponic culture solution or grown in saline-droughted soil acquired between 11% and 24% of their carbon via net dark CO 2 uptake involving CAM.

In Plutonium uptake by plants grown in solution culture book, plants grown under nonsaline, well-watered conditions were capable of completing their life cycle by operating in the C 3 mode without.

Plants were grown in solution culture with different levels of Ca to further evaluate Ca relationships to trace metal uptake and to toxicity of trace metals.

When tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum L., Tropic) were grown at a low level of Ca, the Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, Al, and Ti concentrations of leaves, stems, and roots were considerably increased. Until now, only a few studies have been performed to investigate PFAS uptake by plant.

Garcia-Valcarcel et al. () studied uptake of PFCs by a grass (B. diandrus) grown in nutrient solution, and assessed the rate and extent of PFAS uptake by plant. Long‐term uptake tests (90 days) with tobacco grown in solution culture disclosed that Ca accumulated more in leaves while Sr and Ba accumulated more in roots.

Two desert‐plant species, Lycium andersonii and Lycium pallidum, showed interesting differences in. Water Quality. The characteristics of your starting water are crucial when making up a hydroponics nutrient solution.

As mentioned previously, water with a high level of total dissolved solids, or very hard water, will cause a whole host of problems by limiting the amount of nutrients you can add to your solution and interacting with Plutonium uptake by plants grown in solution culture book nutrients that you do add.

An understanding of the primary pathways of plant uptake of organic pollutants is important to enable the risks from crops grown on contaminated soils to be assessed. A series of experiments were undertaken to quantify the importance of the pathways of contamination and the subsequent transport within the plant using white clover plants grown in solution culture.

Root uptake was primarily an. Plant and S John, M. () Interrelationships between plant cadmium and uptake of some other elements from culture solutions by oats and lettuce. Environmental Pollution U, John, M. K., Chuah, H. and Vanlaerhoven, C.

() Cadmium contamination of soil and its uptake by oats. Plutonium uptake by plants grown in solution culture / by: McFarlane, James C., et al. Published: () Physiological mechanisms and adaptation strategies in plants under changing environment.

Published: (). For crops grown in soilless culture (hydroponics), nutrient solutions should be adapted to the uptake ratios of K: Ca: Mg of individual crops and desired accumulation rates for Ca and Mg. In experiments with perennial ryegrass and wheat, silicon (Si) concentration in flowing solution culture was maintained constant at 0, 10 and 20 mgl−1 (ryegrass) or 0, 20 and 40 mgl−1 (wheat).

Uptake and transport were measured in both species at frequent harvests over periods of up to 80 days. By the final harvests the initial differences in concentration between plants grown at high or. Plants were grown in solution culture for ten weeks under greenhouse conditions.

Nutrient uptake data was combined into three physiological growth stages. Growth stage I (GSI) included early vegetative growth (long days). Growth stage II (GSII) began at floral induction and leaf and bract expansion (short days). In the volume summarizing the Industrial Medicine of the Plutonium Project, C antril and P arker () had the following to say about the Columbia River: There may be some concern that radioactive water released from the plant to the Columbia River will so contaminate the river that its water will be dangerous to man, fish, or fowl.

One of the areas of Si research is its interaction with P. Kostic et al. demonstrated that Si increased the uptake of P in wheat grown in acidic soil associated with the up-regulation of the expression of P transporters TaPHT and TaPHT and increased root exudation of organic acids citrate and malate, linked to higher uptake of P.

Preparation of Pu-NTA/Pu-citrate Complex. Plutonium ( atom% Pu, atom% Pu, and atom% Pu) purified by anion exchange chromatography in M HNO 3, was oxidized to Pu(VI) in hot perchloric acid and diluted with faint pink solution, containing 5 × 10 −3 M Pu(VI), was subjected to electrochemical reduction at a Pt electrode in 1 M perchloric acid to.

Plant production in hydroponics and soilless culture is rapidly expanding throughout the world, raising a great interest in the scientific community. For the first time in an authoritative reference book, authors cover both theoretical and practical aspects of hydroponics (growing plants without the use of soil).

Researchers near the plant where plutonium was first produced as atomic bomb fuel have discovered that, with surprising efficiency, this highly toxic element is.

When the plants were grown on sieves and exposed to and mg gold/L of solution, although the gold content in the shoot tissues was about 8 to fold higher than in the liquid culture experiment, nanoparticles were not detected (tissue concentrations of ± and ± mg gold/g shoot dry weight for the and mg/L.

Plants were hydroponically grown for 39 d in the presence of μM B and then transferred to nutrient solution supplied with or μM B and incubated for another 3 d. These B-deficient growth conditions slightly affected root elongation but did not induce more severe damage to the plants.

Cell Culture. PC12 cells (American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, VA, USA) were grown in F12K media supplemented with % serum, % fatal calf serum and antibiotics in humidified 5% CO 2 environment at 37 °C.

Cells were plated in 50 cm 2 culture bottles to about 70% confluency. Cells were harvested and either lysed immediately in native lysis buffer (10 mM Tris-HCl. Imagine you’re a pepper plant. You need water and nutrients.

Luckily, you can grow roots that grab that stuff from the soil and pipe it back to you. So far, so good. There’s just one problem. An experiment was performed to determine the yield, proline and total chlorophyll content, and N, Mg and Na uptake in plants from two sweet potato cultivars (‘Huambachero’ and ‘Untacip’) grown under three (, and dS/m) salt and two water (watering each 2 and 4 days respectively) stress levels during summer-fall conditions in.

Apart from soil culture, solution culture also produces vegetables with higher NO 3-and this hazardous ion could be reduced to a greater extent through eco-organic soilless culture system.

In regards to NO 3 - content of fruit, the highest value was found in organically grown green peppers and the lowest values were observed in red peppers. An experiment was done with oregano [Origanum vulgare spp. hirtum (Link) Ietswaart] grown in NFT under 3 different target levels (, and mg/l) of Fe-EDTA in the nutrient solution to study the effect of iron on growth and essential oil content of the plants.

Iron uptake by plants was associated with the Fe concentration in the. In Cummings and Bankert used pot culture to compare the uptake by plants of Pu from nine different soils.

Plutonium uptake was found to be 7 X 10~6% to X 10~6% of plutonium applied. In Wilson and Cline compared the uptake of plutonium from soil by barley with that of tungsten and lead.

Since the midth century, plutonium in the environment has been primarily produced by human activity. The first plants to produce plutonium for use in cold war atomic bombs were at the Hanford nuclear site, in Washington, and Mayak nuclear plant, in Russia.

Over a period of four decades, "both released more than million curies of radioactive isotopes into the surrounding environment.

Uptake of plutonium and uranium mediated by the siderophore desferrioxamine-B (DFOB) has been studied for the common soil aerobe Microbacterium flavescens (JG-9). flavescens does not bind or take up nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) complexes of U(VI), Fe(III), or Pu(IV) or U(VI)−DFOB but does take up Fe(III)−DFOB and Pu(IV)−DFOB.

Pu(IV)−DFOB and Fe(III)−DFOB accumulations. The aim was to distinguish between osmotic and ion-specific effects of NaCl on plant growth and ion uptake by comparing plants grown in isosmotic solutions with and without NaCI.

Preliminary experiments showed that polyethylene glycol and mannitol were unsuitable for even very-short-term studies because they caused immediate reductions in leaf elongation rate when plants were. In another experiment under greenhouse hydroponic culture, 2-week-old (seedling or young plants) and 6-week-old (mature) garden cress plants were used.

Plants were grown in black plastic pots (5–6 L volume) filled with sand (– mm) and fed with Hoagland nutrient solution containing Pb and Cd treatments. The adsorption of plutonium, cesium, strontium, yttrium, and cerium ions from solution was found to be nearly complete up to amounts equal to 0.

01 times the saturation capacity of the soil (61, pp. ; 62). Strontium has a slightly higher adsorption energy than calcium (38, 48, 59). Ion transport in plants is not only strictly regulated on a transcriptional level, but it is also regulated posttranslationally.

Enzyme modifications such as phosphorylation provide rapid regulation of many plant ion transporters and channels.

Upon exposure to high ammonium concentrations in the rhizosphere, the high-affinity ammonium transporters (AMTs) in Arabidopsis thaliana are efficiently. The interactions between the uptake of selenium (as selenite and selenate) and iodine (as iodate and iodide) by red chicory (Cichorium intybus L.

var. foliosum Hegi) and their effects on selected morphological and physiological characteristics were investigated. Seedlings were transplanted to the field, and at the onset of head formation, the plants were foliar-sprayed with the following.

From the reviews: “This book is a comprehensive, detailed treatise on fertilisation and nutrient relationships in growing media and hydroponics. the book is of most value to research workers in soilless culture and substrate methods of growing under glass, and students on final year horticulture and applied plant science courses.

is likely to form the standard reference work on plant.Deep water culture (DWC) is a hydroponic method of plant production by means of suspending the plant roots in a solution of nutrient-rich, oxygenated water.

Also known as raft/pond or float systems, this method uses floating rafts to suspend plant roots into a pond of water often 8–12 inches deep.Like humans, plants burn sugar as a source of energy, and, indeed, the entire purpose of a plant's leaf is to manufacture sugar for the plant's growth and collect sunlight.

It may stand to reason, then, that adding sugar to water you use to water your plants would help foster its growth.

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